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Jaipur, also popularly known as the 'Pink City', is the capital and the largest city of the Indian state of Rajasthan. It was founded on 18 November 1727 by Maharaja Sawai Jai Singh II, the ruler of Amber, after whom the city has been named. The city today has a population of 3.1 million. The unique foundations of the city's name is from Sanskrit meaning from Jay is victory and Pur is city.

Jaipur is one of the finest planned cities of India, located in the semi-desert lands of Rajasthan. The city which once had been the capital of the royalty now is the capital city of Rajasthan. The very structure of Jaipur resembles the taste of the Rajputs and the Royal families. At present, Jaipur is a major business centre with all requisites of a metropolitan city.

Jaipur is a principal tourist destination in India. Many people come to Jaipur to view the various forts and monuments in which reflect its glorious past. Tourism is a significant part of Jaipur's economy. Along with up-scale hotels the facilities and future infrastructure developments are expected to increase the number of tourists.

Forts and monuments
Jaipur has a number of forts and monuments like HawaMahal, Amber Fort, Jaigarh Fort, Nahargarh Fort, City Palace, JantarMantar, JalMahal, Rambagh Palace, Central Museum, Albert Hall Museum. The Rose Pink City in India founded by Maharaja Jai Singh II (1693–1743), was the capital of Rajasthan India. It is a major attraction for visitors. Jaipur is surrounded on all sides by rugged hills, crowned with forts & enclosed by embattled walls. Houses with latticed windows line the streets with their rose pink colour, lending enchantment to the scene, which is enhanced at sunset.
Temples and places for worship
The landscape of Jaipur is dotted with numerous temples and religious places. It is because of the numerous temples, and religiosity among people that it is sometimes also known as Chhoti Kashi. Some of the famous temples in Jaipur include Govind DevJi Temple, Galtaji, Shri Kali Temple, Sanganeri Gate, Jaipur, (Lakshmi Narayan Mandir) commonly known as Birla Temple, Garh Ganesh Temple, Shila Devi Temple in Amber, Naharke Ganesh Ji, TadkeshwaraMahadev, Panchayati Hall, RadhaGovindJi Temple. The All Saints Church near Mirza Ismail Road built more than 130 years ago by the rulers of Jaipur for the small Christian population is an excellent example of the high quality of workmanship during that period.
Gardens
The city is dotted with beautiful gardens and parks. Prominent among them are Nehru Garden, Ram Niwas Garden, Sisodia Rani Garden and Palace, Vidyadhar Garden, Kanak Vrindavan, Central Park, Jawahar Circle Garden, Technology Park in Mansarover, VidyadharkaBagh in Goner, Pondric Garden. Other places of interest include Chand Baori (stepwell), Chokhi Dhani (a village resort), Kathputhli slum a Jaipur slum, Raj Mandir Cinema (a beautiful cinema hall).
Culture
Jaipur is a hotspot for culture. Cultural Centres like Jawahar Kala Kendra and RavindraManch have helped promote the unique culture of the state of Rajasthan. Albert Hall Museum (Government Central Museum) hosts several arts and antiquities. There is a Government Museum at Hawa Mahal, an art gallery at Viratnagar. Jaipur also hosts the Numismatic Section, Directorate. The Town Hall (Old Vidhan Sabha Bhawan) is slated to be converted into a museum. There are figurines depicting various forms of Rajasthani culture along various parts of the city. The city also decorated its flyovers with different interesting themes.
Arts and crafts
The rulers of Jaipur patronized a number of arts and crafts. They invited skilled artisans, artists and craftsmen from India and abroad. The different communities settled in various parts of city and made Jaipur their home. As a result, Jaipur is a major hub for various kinds of arts and crafts. Some of the crafts include Bandhani, Block Printing, Stone carving and Sculpture; tarkashi; Zari; Gota, Kinari and Zardosi, Silver Jewellery; Gems, Kundan, Meenakari and Jewellery; Miniature paintings; Blue Pottery; Ivory carving; Shellac work; Leatherware, etc.

Performing arts
Jaipur also has its own performing arts. The Jaipur Gharana of Kathak is a notable example. Others include Tamasha.

Cuisine
The city has a very delectable cuisine. Some of the local dishes have become world-famous names. Typical dishes include Dal BaatiChurma, Missi Roti. Sweet dishes include Ghevar, Feeni, Gajak, Chaugunikeladdu, MoongThal.

Festivals
A number of festivals are organized in the city at various time of the year. Some of them include Gangaur Festival, Jaipur Literature Festival, Kite festival,Teej festival, Shitla Mata Fair, Chaksu Fair, Elephant Fair, Chhatkamela in Amber during Navratri.